Ska is characterized by a walking bass line accented with rhythms on the off beat. It was developed in Jamaica in the s when Prince BusterClement "Coxsone" Doddand Duke Reid formed sound systems to play American rhythm and blues and then began recording their own songs. Later it became popular with many skinheads. Music historians typically divide the history of ska into three periods: the original Jamaican scene of the s; the 2 Tone ska revival of the late s in Britain, which fused Jamaican ska rhythms and melodies with the faster tempos and harder edge of punk rock ; and third wave ska, which involved bands from the UK, other European countries notably GermanyAustralia, Japan, South America and the United States, beginning in the s and peaking in the s.
There are multiple theories about the origins of the word ska. Ernest Ranglin We Play Ska - Various - The Hits Of House Are Here that the term was coined by musicians to refer to the "skat! After World War IIJamaicans purchased radios in increasing numbers and were able to hear rhythm and blues music from the Southern United States in cities such as New Orleans by artists such as Fats DominoBarbie GayeRosco Gordon and Louis Jordan  whose early recordings all contain the seeds of the "behind-the-beat" feel of ska and reggae.
To meet the demand for that music, entrepreneurs such as Prince BusterCoxsone Doddand Duke Reid formed sound systems. At this point the style was a direct copy of the American "shuffle blues" style, but within two or three years it had morphed into the more familiar ska style with the off-beat guitar chop that could be heard in some of the more uptempo lates American rhythm and blues recordings such as Domino's "Be My Guest" and Barbie Gaye's " My Boy Lollypop ", both of which were popular on Jamaican sound systems of the late s.
The snare would play side stick and accent the third beat of each 4-triplet phrase. One theory about the origin of ska is that Prince Buster created it during the inaugural recording session for his new record label Wild Bells. The guitar began emphasizing the second and fourth beats in the bar, giving rise to the new sound. The drums were taken from traditional Jamaican drumming We Play Ska - Various - The Hits Of House Are Here marching styles.
Berry", to this day by an unidentified artist and with this given title in the way Northern Soul DJs used to cover up the identity of records to prevent other DJs from finding copiesthe joke amongst surviving Jamaican soundmen who were there at the time being that "This is the one Duke took to the grave with him".
Until Jamaica ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Worksthe country did not honor international music copyright protection.
This created many cover songs and reinterpretations. Many other Jamaican artists would have success recording instrumental ska versions of popular American and British music, such as Beatles songs, Motown and Atlantic soul hits, movie theme songs and instrumentalsGuns of Navaron. As music changed in the United States, so did ska. In andwhen American soul music became slower and smoother, ska changed its sound accordingly and evolved into rocksteady. Byska evolved again into reggae. The 2 Tone genre, which began in the late s in the Coventry area of Englandwas a fusion of Jamaican ska rhythms and melodies with punk rock 's more aggressive guitar chords and lyrics.
In many cases, the reworking of classic ska songs turned the originals into hits again in the United Kingdom. The 2 Tone movement promoted racial unity at a time when racial tensions were high in the UK. There were many Specials songs that raised awareness of the issues of racism, fighting and friendship issues.
Riots in British cities were a feature during the summer that The Specials song "Ghost Town" was a hit, although this work was in a slower, reggae beat. The music of this era resonated with white working class youth and West Indian immigrants who experienced the struggles addressed in the lyrics. Third wave ska originated in the punk scene in the late s and became commercially successful in the s. Although some third wave ska has a traditional s sound, most third wave ska is characterized by dominating guitar riffs and large horn sections.
By the late s, ska had experienced a minor resurgence of popularity in the United Kingdom, due to bands such as The Burial and The Hotknivesska-friendly record labels such as Unicorn Records, ska festivals, and a re-emergence of the traditional skinhead They Sleep - KONFAB - The Lost Tapes (File). The early s saw a massive surge in ska's popularity in Germanywhich led Lapin Äidin Kehtolaulu - Various - Lasten Toivekonsertti - 100 Suosittua Lastenlaulua the founding of many ska bands like The Bustersrecord labels and festivals.
In Spainska became relevant in the s in the Basque Country due to the influence of Basque Radical Rockwith Kortatu and Potato being the most representatives bands. Skalariak and Betagarri followed their footsteps in the early s and their influence is visible outside the Basque Country in punk-rock bands like Ska-PBoikot and many others that have gained importance in the Spanish rock and punk rock scene and festivals.
The Australian ska scene flourished in the mids, following the musical precedents set by 2 Tone, and spearheaded by bands such as Strange Tenants, No Nonsense and The Porkers.
Russian then-Soviet ska scene established in the mids in Saint Petersburg as the anglophone opposition to more traditional Russian rock music. AVIA and N. Then the bands like Spitfire We Play Ska - Various - The Hits Of House Are HereDistemperLeningrad and Markscheider Kunst began popular and commercially successful in Russia and abroad in the late s.
Japan established its own ska scene, colloquially referred to as J-skain the mids. Latin America's ska scene started developing in the mids.
By the early s, 2 Tone-influenced ska bands began forming throughout the United States. They are both credited with laying the groundwork for American ska and establishing scenes in their respective regions. The label quickly became the largest independent ska label in the United States. The mids saw a considerable rise in ska We Play Ska - Various - The Hits Of House Are Here underground popularity, marked by the formation of many ska-based record labels, booking organizations and indie zines.
While Moon Ska was still the largest of the United States' ska labels, other notable labels included Jump Up Records of Chicagowhich covered the thriving midwest scene, and Steady Beat Recordings of Los Angeleswhich covered Southern California's traditional ska revival. Stomp Records of Montreal was Canada's primary producer and distributor of ska music. Asian Man Records formerly Dill Recordsfounded instarted out primarily releasing ska punk albums before branching out to other music styles. InThe Mighty Mighty Bosstones signed with Mercury Recordsbecoming the first American ska punk band to find mainstream commercial success, with their album Question the Answers achieving gold record status and peaking at on the Billboard Bythird wave ska was one of the most popular forms of alternative music in Love Machine - Various - Disco Radio United States.
By the late s, mainstream interest in third wave ska bands waned as other music genres Monastery Otherworld - Daniel Licht - Silent Hill Downpour (Original Soundtrack) momentum.
InHingley launched a new ska record label, Megalith Records. Jump Up Records has been in business for 25 years. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Ska music.
This article is about the musical genre. For other uses, see SKA. Jamaican mento calypso jazz rhythm and blues. Electric guitar bass guitar trumpet trombone saxophone piano drum kit electric organ. Rocksteady reggae. Third wave ska list of ska musicians rude boy mod skinhead Suedehead traditional skinhead. This is a Ska version of the famous Bob Marley song. Main article: 2 Tone music genre. See also: Ska punk. Music portal. Hussey Dermot. Genre Listing. Retrieved Journal of Social History.
Archived from the original on Archived from the original on February 19, Spirit of '69 - Rock Around The Clock - Klaus Wunderlich - Hammond Hitparade Skinhead Bible. Dunoon, Scotland: S. Ska: An Oral Historyp. Jerry Snyder's Guitar Schoolp.
How to Play Rhythm Guitarp. Reggae Routes. Temple University Press. SJSU Scholarsorks : Blue Monday: Fats Domino and the lost dawn of rock 'n' roll. Da Capo Press. World Music: The Basics. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 28 May Ska: The Rhythm of Liberation. Reggae Steady Ska.
Retrieved 13 December Caribbean Popular Music. WestportConnecticut : Greenwood Press. Retrieved 31 August Marco on the Bass. October 9, The Atlantic Times. January February Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop. Archived from the original on September 26, We Play Ska - Various - The Hits Of House Are Here OC Weekly.
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