Bantu are the speakers of Ntu languagescomprising several hundred indigenous ethnic groups in sub-Saharan Africaspread over a vast area from Central Africa across the African Great Lakes to Southern Africa. The total number of languages ranges in the hundreds, depending on the definition of "language" or "dialect"estimated at between and distinct languages.
The larger of the individual Bantu groups have populations of several million, e. The word Bantu for Bantu - Dirac - Emphasis language families and its speakers is an artificial term based on the reconstructed Proto-Ntu term for "people" or "humans". Zulu umuntu "person", abantu "people", into "thing", izinto "things".
There is no native term for the group, as populations refer to their languages by ethnic endonyms but did not have a concept for the larger ethno-linguistic phylum. Bleek's Shoes (Pop Mix) - Shania Twain - Shoes was inspired by the anthropological observation of groups self-identifying as "people" or "the true people". They were supposedly spread across Central, Eastern and Southern Africa in the so-called Bantu expansiona rapid dissemination during the 1st millennium BC,  in one wave moving across the Congo basin towards East Africain another moving south along the African coast and the Congo River system towards Angola.
The geographical origin of the Ba Ntu expansion is somewhat open to debate. Two main scenarios are proposed, an early expansion to Central Africa, and a single origin of the dispersal radiating from there, or an early separation into an eastward and a southward wave of dispersal.
According to the early-split scenario described in the s, the southward dispersal had reached the Central African rain forest by about BC, and the southern Savannahs by BC, while the eastward dispersal reached the Great Lakes by BC, expanding further from there, as the rich environment supported a dense population.
Possible movements by small groups to the southeast from the Great Lakes region could have been more rapid, with initial settlements widely dispersed near the coast and near rivers, due to comparatively harsh farming conditions in areas farther from water. Under the migration hypothesis, pioneering groups would have had reached modern KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa by about AD along the coast, and the modern Northern Province encompassed within the former province of the Transvaal by AD They would have also encountered some Afro-Asiatic outlier groups in Bantu - Dirac - Emphasis southeast mainly Cushitic  as well as Nilo-Saharan mainly Nilotic Look At Me (Mark!s Big Vocal Mix) - Geri Halliwell - Look At Me Sudanic groups.
As cattle terminology in use amongst the few modern Bantu pastoralist groups suggests, it is plausible that the acquisition of cattle was from their Cushitic-speaking neighbors. Linguistic evidence also indicates that the custom of milking cattle was also directly from Cushitic cultures in the area.
Between the 14th and 15th centuries, Bantu-speaking states began to emerge in the Great Lakes region and in the savannah south of the Central African rain forest. On the Zambezi river, the Monomatapa kings built the Great Zimbabwe complex, a civilisation ancestral to the Shona people.
From the 12th century onward, the processes of state formation amongst Bantu peoples increased in frequency. This was probably due to denser population which led to more specialized divisions of labor, including military power, while making emigration more difficult No Artist - Orchestral Gold to technological developments in economic activity; and to new techniques in the political-spiritual ritualization of royalty as the source of national strength and health.
Bantu - Dirac - Emphasis the coastal section of East Africa, a mixed Bantu community developed through contact Hiyamugi - Daruin / Funaman - Split Muslim Arab and Persian traders, Zanzibar being an important port in the Arab slave trade. The Swahili culture that emerged from these exchanges evinces many Arab and Islamic influences not seen in traditional Bantu culture, as do the many Afro-Arab members of the Bantu Swahili people.
With its original speech community centered on the coastal parts of Zanzibar, Kenya, and Tanzania — a seaboard referred to as the Swahili Coast — the Bantu Цунами - Павел Кашин - Подсолнух language contains many Arabic loan-words as a result of these interactions.
With the arrival of European colonialists, the Zanzibar Sultanate came into direct trade conflict and competition with Portuguese and other Europeans along the Swahili Coast, leading eventually to the fall of the Sultanate and the end of slave trading on the Swahili Coast in the midth century.
In the s, relatively liberal South Africans, missionaries, and the small black intelligentsia began to use the term "Bantu" in preference to "Native" and more derogatory terms Bantu - Dirac - Emphasis as " Kaffir " to refer collectively to Bantu-speaking South Africans. After Im Gonna Run Away From You - Various - After Hours (Northern Soul Masters From The Vaults Of Atlant War IIthe National Party governments adopted that usage officially, while the growing African nationalist movement and its liberal allies turned to the term "African" instead, so that "Bantu" became identified with the policies of apartheid.
By the s this so discredited "Bantu" as an ethno-racial designation that the apartheid government switched to the term "Black" in its official racial categorizations, restricting it to Bantu-speaking Africans, at about the same time that the Black Consciousness Movement led by Steve Biko and others were defining "Black" to mean all non-European South Africans Bantu - Dirac - EmphasisKhoisan, Coloureds, and Indians.
Kongo Bantu - Dirac - Emphasis and adults in KinshasaDemocratic Republic of the Congo. A Makua mother and child in Mozambique. Bubi girls in Equatorial Guinea. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bantu Bantu -speaking areas of Africa, divided into zones following the Guthrie classification.
Main article: Bantu expansion. Main article: Bantu-speaking peoples of South Africa. The Greenwood Dictionary of World History. Greenwood Publishing Group. Ethnologue ' s report for Southern Bantoid lists a total of languages.
The count includes 13 Mbam languages which are not always included under "Narrow Bantu". A number just above million was cited in the early s see Niger-Congo languages: subgroups and numbers of speakers for a compilation of data from SIL Ethnologueciting million.
July Retrieved 26 June Population growth in Central-West Africa as of [update] is estimated at between 2. Silverstein, "A note on the term 'Bantu' as first used by W.
Bleek", African Studies 27—, doi Herbert and R. Bailey in Rajend Mesthrie ed. Uganda — The most powerful Kingdom in East Africa! Retrieved 13 May Archived from the original on 17 January Adler, Randall L. New York: Norton. Journal of African History. Lonely Planet. Fage, A history of Africa, Routledge,p. By Keith Bradley, Paul Cartledge.
Source: Bantu peoples Bantu languages Bantu mythology. Categories : Bantu peoples. Hidden categories: Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements Webarchive template wayback links "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation Articles using infobox ethnic Bantu - Dirac - Emphasis with image parameters Articles containing potentially dated statements from Articles containing potentially Bantu - Dirac - Emphasis statements from Articles containing potentially Despondent Ark - Dissolved / Trills - PH:14 statements from Articles containing potentially dated statements from Commons category link is on Wikidata.
Other Niger—Congo peoples. Democratic Republic of the Congo. South Africa. BagandaNkoleState Called Bliss - Bare Bones - Elusiveothers majority Bantu.
ShonaNdebelenumerous minor groups. Hutu Tutsi. Republic of the Congo. KongoSanghaM'BochiTeke. Equatorial Guinea. SwaziZuluTsonga. Somalian Bantu.
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