It contains the complete Vulgate Bible as well as other popular works, all written in Latin. Between the Old and New Testaments are a selection of other popular medieval reference works: Josephus 's Antiquities of the Jews and De bello iudaicoIsidore of Seville 's encyclopedia Etymologiaethe chronicle of Cosmas of Prague and medical works; these are an early version of the Ars medicinae compilation of treatises, and two books by Constantine the African.
Eventually finding its way to the imperial library of Rudolf II in Praguethe entire collection was taken as spoils of war by the Swedish in during the Thirty Years' Warand the manuscript is now preserved at the National Library of Sweden in Stockholmwhere it is on display for the general public.
Very large illuminated bibles were a typical feature of Romanesque monastic book production,  but even within this group the page-size of the Codex Gigas is exceptional. The codex 's bookbinding is wooden boards covered in leather, with ornate metal guards and fittings.
The manuscript includes illuminations in red, blue, yellow, green and gold. Capital letters at the start of books of the bible and the chronicle are elaborately illuminated in several colours, sometimes taking up most The Codex - Inquisicion - Codex Gigas the page; 57 of these survive. The start of the Book of Genesis is missing. There are also 20 initials with the letters in blue, with vine decoration in red. With the exception of the portraits of the devil, an author portrait of Josephus, and a squirrel perched on top of an initial f.
Within books, major capitals are much enlarged, taking up the height of about five to six lines of text, in red ink, and placed in the margins. Less important divisions such as the start of verses are slightly enlarged within the text and highlighted with yellowish ink around the letter forms. The codex has a unified look as the nature of the writing is unchanged throughout, showing no signs of age, disease or mood on the part of the scribe [ citation needed ].
This may have led to the belief that the whole book was written in a very short time see Legendbut scientists are starting to investigate the theory that it took over 20 years to complete. The length, size, and detail of the codex are of such extraordinary magnitude that legend surrounds its origin, specifically the story that it was written by one scribe in one night with help from the devil himself.
Directly opposite the devil is a full page depiction of the kingdom of heaven, thus juxtaposing contrasting images of Good and Evil. The devil is shown frontally, crouching with arms uplifted in a dynamic posture.
He is clothed in a white loincloth with small comma-shaped red dashes. These dashes have been interpreted as the tails of ermine furs, a common symbol of sovereignty. He has no tail, and his body, arms and legs The Codex - Inquisicion - Codex Gigas of normal human proportions. His hands and feet end with only four fingers and toes each, terminating in large claws. His huge horns are red as though dipped in blood. He has a large, dark green head, and his hair forms a skull cap of dense curls.
His eyes are small, with red pupils, and his red-tipped ears are large. His open mouth reveals his small white teeth, and two long red tongues protrude from the corners of his mouth. This doubling of tongues evokes negative associations with serpents, which have forked tongues, a metaphoric reference to dishonest human beings. The expression 'forked tongues' is an ancient one and is found in the Bible Nordenfalkn. Several pages before this double spread are written in yellow characters on a blackened parchment and have a very gloomy character, somewhat different from the rest of the codex.
The reason for the variation in coloring is that the pages of the codex are of vellum. Vellum, or scraped and dried animal hide, "tans" when exposed to ultraviolet light. Over centuries, the pages that were most frequently turned have developed this tell-tale darker color. The monastery was destroyed sometime in the 15th century during the Hussite Revolution.
Records in the codex end in the year From toit was kept in the The Codex - Inquisicion - Codex Gigas of a monastery in Broumov until it was taken to Prague in to form a part of the collections of the Emperor Rudolf II. At the end of the Thirty Years' War inthe entire collection was taken as Рок - Наив - Энциклопедия Российского Рока booty by the Swedish army.
From tothe manuscript was kept in the Swedish Royal Library in Stockholm. On Friday, 7 MayThe Codex - Inquisicion - Codex Gigas fierce fire broke out at the royal castle in Stockholm, and the Royal Library suffered very badly. The codex was rescued from the flames by being thrown out of a window. This damaged the binding and knocked loose some pages which are still missing. According to the vicar Johann Erichsons, the codex landed on and injured a bystander.
A National Geographic documentary included interviews with manuscript experts who argued that certain evidence handwriting analysis and a credit to Hermann Inclusus — "Herman the Recluse" indicates the manuscript was the work of a single scribe.
The first page Babies - Simply Red - The Big Love Tour 2015: Live In Vienna 27.10.2015 (Memory Stick) two Hebrew alphabets. There are also added slips with Church Slavic and Glagolitic alphabets Folio 1. About half of the codex f.
The two works by Josephus then continue Regnava nel silenzio.
Quando rapito in estasi - (Atto I) from Lucia di Lammermoor - Maria Callas history of the Jews f. The first page of Josephus, which recounts the Genesis creation story, is illustrated in the margin with the pictures of Heaven and Earth f.
These are followed by Isidore's Etymologiae f. This is followed by some pages with common prayers, and a page of "conjurations", "Three Jethro Tull - Aqualung (Vinyl, Album, LP) and two charms", some of them known from Jewish sources f.
The full-page images of the Heavenly City and the devil are on f. Then The Codex - Inquisicion - Codex Gigas Cosmas of Prague 's Chronicle of Bohemia f. Apart from the alphabets at the start, the entire book is written in Latin ; in addition, it contains HebrewGreekand Slavic alphabets Cyrillic and Glagolitic.
According to one version of a legend that was already recorded in the Middle Ages, the scribe was a monk who broke his monastic vows and was sentenced to be walled up alive. In order to avoid this harsh penalty he promised to create in one night a book to glorify the monastery forever, including all human knowledge.
Near midnight, he became sure that he could not complete this task alone so he made a special prayer, not addressed to God but to the fallen angel Lucifer The Codex - Inquisicion - Codex Gigas , asking him to help him finish the book in exchange for his soul. The devil completed the manuscript and the monk added the devil's picture out of gratitude for his aid.
End of Book of Maccabees and start of Josephuswith author portrait. Viewing a facsimile in the Czech Republic.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is not to be confused with The Satanic Bible. Fv, start of JosephusHeaven and Earth. The National Library of Sweden. Archived from the original on 12 October Retrieved 13 February Retrieved 19 November Archived from the original on 3 September Biblis 28 : 5— Retrieved 7 October Retrieved 15 January The Canadian Press.
Archived from the original on 24 October The Prague Post. Archived from the original on 10 February Archived from the original on 14 December Retrieved 10 December Categories : 13th-century biblical manuscripts 13th-century illuminated manuscripts Czech manuscripts Illuminated biblical manuscripts Old Latin New Testament manuscripts Vulgate manuscripts World Digital Library.
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