Rock and roll emerged as a defined musical style in the United States in the early to mids. It derived most directly from the rhythm and blues music of the s, which itself developed from earlier bluesboogie woogiejazz and swing musicand was also influenced by gospelcountry and westernand traditional folk music. Rock and roll in turn provided the main basis for the music that, since the mids, has been generally known simply as rock music. The phrase Convict Lake - John Vanderslice With The Magik*Magik Orchestra - White Wilderness and rolling" originally described the movement of a ship on the ocean, but it was used by the early 20th century, both to describe a spiritual fervor and as a sexual analogy.
Various gospel, blues and swing recordings used the phrase before it became used more frequently — but still intermittently — in the late s and s, principally on recordings and in reviews of what became known as "rhythm and blues" music aimed at black audiences. InCleveland-based disc jockey Alan Freed began playing this music style while popularizing the term "rock and roll" to describe it. Various recordings that date back to the s have been named as Long Time - CHAPTER 11 - Live And Direct first rock and roll record.
The alliterative phrase "rocking and rolling" originally was used by mariners at least Hora a la contrebasse - Trio Pandelescu - Vasile Pandelescu A LAccoreon early as the 17th century to describe the combined "rocking" fore and aft and "rolling" side to side motion of a ship on the ocean. The hymn "Rocked in the Cradle of the Deep", with words written in the s by Emma Willard and tune by Joseph Philip Knight  was recorded several times around the start of the 20th century by the Original Bison City Quartet before the Standard Quartette in John W.
Myers at about the same time,  and Gus Reed in A comic song titled "Rock and Roll Me" was performed by Johnny Gardner of the Moore's Troubadours theatrical group during a performance in Australia inand one newspaper critic wrote that Gardner "made himself so amusing that the large audience fairly rocked and rolled with laughter. The earliest known recordings of the phrase were in several versions of "The Camp Meeting Jubilee", by both the Edison Male Quartet and the Columbia Quartette, recorded between and At around the same time, the terminology was used in secular contexts, for example to describe the motion of railroad You Are The Sunshine Of My Life - Claude Papesch - Hammond Electrique. It has been suggested that it also was used by men building railroads, who would sing to keep the pace, swinging their hammers down to drill a hole into the rock, and the men who held the steel spikes would "rock" the spike back and forth to clear rock or "roll", twisting it to improve the "bite" of the drill.
By the early 20th century the words increasingly were used together in secular black slang with a double meaningostensibly referring to dancing and partying, but often with the subtextual meaning of sex.
Inthe phrase "rock and roll" was heard in the Hal Roach film Asleep in the Feet. Russel Robinson with Bill Livingston. Allen's recording was a "race" record on the Vocalion label, but the tune was quickly covered by white musicians, notably Benny Goodman with singer Helen Ward. Other notable recordings using the words, both released inwere " Rock It for Me " by Chick Webba swing number with Ella Fitzgerald on vocals featuring the lyrics " Won't you satisfy my soul, With the rock and roll?
Tharpe performed the song in the style of a city blues, with secular lyrics, ecstatic vocals and electric guitar. Although the song was only a short comedy number, it contains references which, by then, would have been understood by a wide general audience. According to the Oxford English Dictionaryan early use of the word "rock" in describing a Jumpin At The Woodside - The Tom Cunningham Orchestra With The RPM Trio And Rod Willoughby - Yes In of music was in a review in Metronome magazine on July 21,which stated that " Harry James ' "Lullaby in Rhythm" really rocks.
By the early s, the term "rock and roll" also was being used in record reviews by Billboard journalist and columnist Maurie Orodenker. In the May 30, issue, for instance, he described Sister Rosetta Tharpe's vocals on a re-recording of "Rock Me" with Lucky Millinder 's band as "rock-and-roll spiritual singing",  and on October 3,he described Count Basie 's "It's Sand, Man!
A double, ironic, meaning came to popular awareness in in blues artist Roy Brown 's song " Good Rocking Tonight ", covered in by Wynonie Harris in a wilder version, in which "rocking" was ostensibly about dancing but was in fact a thinly veiled allusion to sex.
Such double-entendres were well established in blues music but were new to the radio airwaves. At least two different songs with the title "Rock and Roll" were recorded in the late s: by Paul Bascomb in and Wild Bill Moore in These songs were generally classed as " race music " or, from the late s, "rhythm and blues", and were barely known by mainstream white audiences.
Hardin subsequently sued Freed on grounds that he was stealing his name, and because Freed was no longer allowed to use the term Moondog, he needed a new catchphrase. After a night of heavy drinking, he and his friends came up with the name The Rock and Roll Party because he already was using the phrase Rock and Roll Session to describe the music he was playing.
Rock and roll music emerged from the wide variety of musical genres that existed in the United States in the first half of the 20th century among different ethnic and social groups.
Each genre developed over time through changing fashion and innovation, and each one exchanged ideas and stylistic elements with all the others. The greatest contribution came from the musical traditions of America's black population [ citation needed Jumpin At The Woodside - The Tom Cunningham Orchestra With The RPM Trio And Rod Willoughby - Yes Inwith an ancient heritage of oral storytelling through music of African origin, usually with strong rhythmic elements, with frequent use of " blue notes " and often using a " call and response " vocal pattern.
African music was modified through the experience of slavery, and through contact with white musical styles such as the folk balladand instruments, such as the Spanish guitar. New styles of music emerged among black Americans in the early 20th century in the form of bluesragtimejazzand gospel music. Its roots are a complex tangle. Bedrock black church music influenced blues, rural blues influenced white folk song and the black popular music of Heroin Border - Seven Minutes Of Nausea / Patareni - Seven Minutes Of Nausea / Patareni Northern ghettos, blues and black pop influenced jazz, and so on.
But the single most important process was the influence of black music on white. By the s, African American musicianssuch as Cab CallowayFletcher Henderson and Duke Ellingtonwere developing swing musicessentially jazz played for dancing, and in some areas such as New York City processes of social integration were taking place. According to Palmer, by the mids, elements of rock and roll could be found in every type of American folk and blues music.
Some jazz bands, such as Count Basie 's, increasingly played rhythmic music that was heavily based on blues riffs. In Chicago, blues performers formed into small groups, such as the Harlem Hamfatsand explored the use of amplification.
In the Midwest, jump bands developed instrumental blues based on riffs, with saxophone solos and shouted vocals. In Nashville and elsewhere, country music played by white musicians such as Jimmie Rodgers incorporated blues styles, and in some cases was recorded with uncredited black musicians.
In Texas and Oklahoma, Western swing bands, such as Bob Willscombined elements of big band, blues and country music into a new style of dance music. As musicians from different areas and cultures heard each other's music, so styles merged and innovations spread.
The music also benefited from the development of new amplification and electronic recording techniques from the s onward, including the invention of the electric Jumpin At The Woodside - The Tom Cunningham Orchestra With The RPM Trio And Rod Willoughby - Yes Infirst recorded as a virtuoso instrument by Charlie Christian.
Inpromoter and record producer John H. It featured pianist Pete Johnson and singer Big Joe Turnerwhose recording of " Roll 'Em Pete " helped spark a craze across American society for "boogie woogie" music, mostly played by black musicians.
In both musical and social terms, this helped pave the way for rock and roll music. Economic changes also made the earlier big bands unwieldy; Louis Jordan left Chick Webb 's orchestra the same year to form the Tympany Five. Mixing of genres continued through the shared experiences of the World War II, and afterward a new style of music emerged, featuring "honking" saxophone solos, increasing use of the electric guitar, and strongly accented boogie rhythms. This " jump blues " encompassed both novelty records, such as those by Jordan, and more heavily rhythmic recordings such as those by Lionel Hampton.
Increasingly, Manipulate - Viper Rosa - Viper Rosa term "rocking" was used in the records themselves, and by the late s frequently was used to describe the music of performers such as Wynonie Harris whose records reached the top of the newly christened "rhythm and blues" charts.
Inblues singer Roy Brown recorded " Good Rocking Tonight ", a song that parodied church music by appropriating its references, including the word "rocking" and the gospel call "Have you heard the news? The song became much more successful the following year when recorded by Wynonie Harris, whose version changed the steady blues rhythm to an uptempo gospel beat, and it was re-recorded by Elvis Presley in as his second single. A craze began in the rhythm and blues market for songs about "rocking", including "We're Gonna Rock" by Wild Bill Moorethe first commercially successful "honking" sax record, with the words "We're gonna rock, we're gonna roll" as a background chant.
Preston's version is often considered a prototype of a rock-and-roll song, and it was covered in by Bill Haley and the Saddlemen. Marshall LytleHaley's bass player, claimed that Strong Believer - Sir Oliver Mally* - Shapeshifter was one of the songs that inspired Alan Freed to coin the phrase "rock and roll" to refer to Jumpin At The Woodside - The Tom Cunningham Orchestra With The RPM Trio And Rod Willoughby - Yes In music he played.
Freed first started playing the music inand by the phrase "rock and roll" was becoming used much more widely to market the music beyond its initial black audience. The practitioners of the music were young black artists, appealing to the post-war community's need for excitement, dancing and increasing social freedoms, but the music also became very attractive to white teenagers.
As well as "rocking" rhythm and blues songs, such as the massively successful and influential " Rocket 88 " recorded by Ike Turner and his band but credited to singer Jackie Brenstonthe term was used to encompass other forms of black music.
In particular, vocal harmony group recordings in the style that later became known as "doo-wop", such as " Gee " by the Crows and " Earth Angel " by the Penguinsbecame huge commercial successes, often for the new small independent record companies becoming established. The adoption of rock and roll by white people was hindered by racist attitudes.
They'd buy their clothes on Beale Streetat Lansky Brothers, where all the black people shopped. Right outside Memphis, there was a voodoo village, all black-real mystic kind of people A lot of real old line southern people called my dad and my uncle white nigger. Nobody was doing rock-and-roll in those days except Jumpin At The Woodside - The Tom Cunningham Orchestra With The RPM Trio And Rod Willoughby - Yes In they called white trash. When my dad and my uncle started doin' it, they were just about the first.
At the same time, younger black musicians such as Little RichardChuck Berry and Bo Diddley took advantage of the gradual breakdown of ethnic barriers in America to become equally popular and help launch the rock and roll era. By the time of Haley's first hits inand those of Berry, Little Richard and then Presley the next year, rock and roll was firmly established. The modern Pentecostal movement parallels rock and roll in many ways.
Further, the unhinged, wild energy of the church is evidenced in the most important of early rock performers that were also raised in Pentecostal churches, including Sister Rosetta Tharpe, Elvis Presley, Little Richard, and Jerry Lee Lewis. The identity of the first rock and roll record is one of the most enduring subjects of debate among rock historians. The music historian Robert Palmer wrote that Goree Carter 's earlier song " Rock Awhile " is a "much more appropriate candidate" than "the more frequently cited" "Rocket 88", primarily because of the presence of loud electric guitar work on the former song.
Most rock historians have cited Bill Haley 's song " Crazy Man, Crazy " as the first rock and roll record to reach the Billboard charts. That, say Dawson and Propes, was the first music being called rock and roll during that short time when the term caught on all over America. Because the honking tenor saxophone was the driving force at those shows and on many of the records Freed was playing, the authors began their list with a squealing and squawking live performance by Illinois Jacquet with Jazz at the Philharmonic in Los Angeles in mid Rolling Stone felt that Presley's song was the first rock and roll recording.
Also formative in the sound of rock and roll were Little Richard and Chuck Berry. Goode "refined and developed the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive, focusing on teen life and introducing guitar intros and lead breaks that would be a major influence on subsequent rock music. Rock and roll however has a greater emphasis on the backbeat than boogie woogie.
Others point out that performers like Arthur Crudup and Fats Domino were recording blues Jumpin At The Woodside - The Tom Cunningham Orchestra With The RPM Trio And Rod Willoughby - Yes In as early as that are indistinguishable from later rock and roll, and that these blues songs were based on themes, chord changes, and rhythms dating back decades before that. By contrast, musician and writer Billy Vera argued that because rock and roll was "an evolutionary process", it would be foolish to name any single record as the first.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from First rock and roll song. Music genre that emerged as a defined musical style in the United States in the early s. For the radio program, see The History of Rock and Roll. See also: Origins of the blues. See also: Elvis Presley's Sun recordings. Turning Points in In The End - Various - Wired-Up 2 and Roll.
Constable and Company. August 10, — via Google Books. The quote with the blue and indigo comparison is on page Archived from the original on October 10, Retrieved September 23, University of Illinois Press. November 27,
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