Sham Chaurasi Gharana is a gharana a family's style of singing in Hindustani classical music known for the singing of vocal duets, most notably represented in modern times by the brothers Nazakat and Salamat Ali Khan. The gharana is believed to have been founded in the 16th century by Chand Khan and Suraj Khan who were contemporaries of Tansen at the court of Mughal emperor Akbar. Successive generations of musicians in the Mentally Conned - Heresy - 1985 - 87 specialised in the dhrupad form (Youve Got) The Magic Touch - The Platters - Story singing and evolved a tradition of duet vocal jugalbandi performances.
The gharana is centred at a village of the same name in the Hoshiarpur district of Punjab India ; alternate spellings include Shamchurasi. According to one legend, the founders were given a parcel of land here as a grant to them by Mughal Emperor Akbar.
In an alternative version of the origin, the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah "Rangila" was said to have been so impressed by the gharana that he gave all income from the 84 local villages, known as 'Chaurasi', to the Sufi saint Ustad Nazakat Ali Khan / Ustad Salamat Ali Khan* - Ali Brothers Shami Shah.
Around the turn of Ustad Nazakat Ali Khan / Ustad Salamat Ali Khan* - Ali Brothers century, the gharana was represented by Vilayat Ali Khan, who was noted for his dhrupad singing. They emerged as one of the leading performers of classical music in Pakistan. Famous Indian playback singer Lata Mangeshkar once reportedly said that Ustad Salamat Ali Khan was the greatest classical vocalist of the Indian subcontinent.
A number of their recordings exist from their very fruitful partnership until Paying a tribute to Salamat Ali Khan, a major website says, "A legendary exponent of classical music, Salamat Ali Khan is equally known and respected in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Nepal for his command over music and his ability to render a raga in its true spirit.
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