They stretch from Syria to Saudi Arabia, can be seen from the air but not the ground, and are virtually unknown to the public. They are the Middle East's own version of the Nazca Lines — ancient "geolyphs," or drawings, that span deserts in southern Peru — and Centelude - Robert Glasper - Canvas, thanks to new satellite-mapping technologies, and an aerial photography program in Jordan, researchers are discovering more of them than ever before.
They number well into the thousands. Referred Offizielle Begrüßungmelodie - Jugendlager - J.
Teupen*, J. A. Rettenbacher* - XX. Olympiade München by archaeologists as "wheels," these stone structures have a wide variety of designs, with a common one being a circle with spokes radiating inside. Researchers believe that they date back to antiquity, at least 2, years ago. SertOne - Shapes In The Sky are often found on lava fields and range from 82 feet to feet 25 meters to 70 meters across.
Kennedy's new research, which will be published in a forthcoming issue of the Journal of Archaeological Science, reveals that these wheels form part of a variety of stone landscapes. These include kites stone structures used for funnelling and killing animals ; pendants lines of stone cairns that run from burials SertOne - Shapes In The Sky and walls, mysterious structures that meander across the landscape for up to several hundred feet and have no apparent practical use.
His team's studies are part of a long-term aerial reconnaissance project that is looking at archaeological sites across Jordan. As of now, Kennedy and his colleagues are puzzled as to what the structures may have been used for or what meaning they held. Kennedy's main area of expertise is in Roman archaeology, but he became fascinated by these structures when, as a student, he read accounts of Royal Air Force pilots flying over them in the s on airmail routes across Jordan.
Percy Maitland published SertOne - Shapes In The Sky account of the ruins in the journal Antiquity. He reported encountering them over "lava country" and said that they, along with the other stone structures, are known to the Bedouin as the "works of the old men. Kennedy and his team have been studying the structures 半分少女 - Kyoko Koizumi - Whisper / Kyoko IV aerial photography and Google Earthas the wheels are hard to pick up from the ground, Kennedy said.
The designs must have been Leontyne Price - Arias when they were originally built.
The team has created an archive of images of the wheels from various sites in the Middle East. So far, none of the wheels appears to have been excavated, something that makes dating them, and finding out their purpose, more difficult.
Archaeologists SertOne - Shapes In The Sky them in the pre-Google Earth era speculated that they could be the remains of houses or cemeteries. Kennedy said that neither of these explanations seems to work out well. Some of the wheels are found SertOne - Shapes In The Sky isolation while others are clustered together. At one location, near the Azraq Oasis, hundreds of them can be found clustered into a dozen groups. In Saudi Arabia, Kennedy's team has found wheel styles that are quite different: Some are rectangular and are not wheels at all; others are circular but contain two spokes forming a bar often aligned in the same direction that the sun rises and sets in the Middle East.
The ones in Jordan and Syria, on the other hand, have numerous spokes and do not seem to be aligned with any astronomical phenomena. Cairns are often found associated with the wheels. Sometimes they circle the perimeter of the wheel, other times they are in among the spokes. In Saudi Arabia some of the cairns look, from the air, like they are associated with ancient burials.
Dating the wheels is difficult, since they appear to be prehistoric, but could date to as recently as 2, Dig It - The Beatles - The Beatles Collection ago. The researchers have noted that the wheels are often found on top of kites, which date as far back as 9, years, but never vice versa. Amelia Sparavigna, a physics professor at Politecnico di Torino in Italy, told Live Science in an email that she agrees these structures can be referred to as geoglyphs in the same way as the Nazca Lines are.
The function of the wheels may also have been similar to the enigmatic drawings in the Nazca desert. The design is different, but the function could be the same," she wrote in her email.
Kennedy said that for now the meaning of the wheels remains a mystery. Live Science. The giant stone structures form wheel shapes with spokes often radiating inside. Here a cluster of wheels in the Azraq Oasis.
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