World peaceor peace on Earthis the concept of an ideal state of happiness, freedom and peace within and among all people and nations on Planet Earth. This idea of world nonviolence is one motivation for people and nations to willingly cooperate, either voluntarily or by virtue of a system of governance that has this objective. Different cultures, religions, philosophies and organisations have varying concepts on how such a state would come about.
Various religious and secular organisations have the stated aim of achieving world peace through addressing human rightstechnology, educationengineering, medicine or diplomacy used as an end to all forms of fighting. Sincethe United Nations and the five permanent members of its Security Council ChinaFranceRussiathe United Kingdom and the United States have operated under the aim to resolve conflicts without war or declarations of war.
Nonetheless, nations have entered numerous military conflicts since then. Many theories as to how world peace could be achieved have been proposed. Several of these are listed below.
The term is traced back to the Roman Emperor Hadrian reigned AD — but the concept is as old as recorded history. Inat the peak of World War IIthe founder of the Paneuropean UnionRichard von Coudenhove-Kalergiargued that after the War the United States is bound to take "command of the skies" to ensure the lasting world peace:. But the inauguration of such a glorious century of peace demands from us abandonment of old conceptions of peace.
The new Angel of Peace must no longer be pictured as a charming but helpless lady with an olive branch in her hand, but like World Peace - Various - The Long Road Goddess of Justice with a balance in her left and a sword in her right; or like the Archangel Michael, with a fiery sword and wings of steel, fighting the devil to restore and protect the peace of heaven.
Informer US Secretary of Defense Ash Carter envisaged that the rebalance to the Asia-Pacific will make the region "peaceful" through "strength":. You, and your fellow soldiers, sailors, airmen, and Marines will solidify the rebalance, you will make this network work, and you will help the Asia-Pacific And play the role only America can play You'll do so with strength.
The document proceeds to detail what "achieving peace through strength requires". Associated with peace through strength are concepts of preponderance of power as opposed to balance of powerhegemonic stability theoryunipolar stabilityand imperial peace such as Pax RomanaPax Britannicaor Pax Americana. World peace would be a consequence of the anarchist or communist world.
According to the dialectic materialist theory of Karl Marxhumanity is divided in just two classes in capitalism: This Is Your Land (Full Length Version) - Simple Minds - This Is Your Land proletarians - that do not possess the means of production, and the bourgeoisie - that possesses the means of production; once that the communist revolution, that shall abolish the private propriety of the means of production, have happened, humanity will not be divided anymore and a lot of changes will happen.
Through a period called socialism the rule of the proletariat will take charge of getting rid of the last vestiges of capitalism, and help to make the revolution worldwide.
Once the private propriety have been abolished worldwide, the state will not longer be useful and will disappear, because the government only exists to protect the dominant class, effectively dominating with violence and fear the submitted class, but there will not be classes anymore, and therefore none will require to dominate anyone. Instead organisations of workers will manage the production of things, but no organisation will have any military power, neither police force nor prisons.
The main principle of Marx's theory is that the material conditions limit the spiritual conditions. People will not be violent but respecting, peaceful and altruistic, because the material conditions will finally allow them to be so. They will no longer need to live just aiming to earn money, but to live to develop themselves spiritually. With the material problems solved, and everyone receiving education and being provided the appropriate circumstances for their intellectual development, there will not any problems, and society will work getting from each one what one has the capacity to give and providing to each one what one needs.
Leon Trotsky argued that a proletariat world revolution would lead to world peace. Proponents of the democratic peace theory claim that strong empirical evidence exists that democracies never or rarely wage war against each other. There are, however, several wars between democracies that have taken place, historically.
In her essay "The Roots of War", Ayn Rand held that the major wars of history were started by the more controlled economies of the time against the freer ones and that capitalism gave mankind the longest period of peace in history—a period during which there were no wars involving the entire civilized world—from the end of the Napoleonic wars in to the outbreak of World War World Peace - Various - The Long Road inwith the exceptions of the Franco-Prussian Warthe Spanish—American Warand the American Civil War —which notably occurred in perhaps the most liberal economy in the world at the beginning of the industrial revolution.
Proponents of Cobdenism claim that by removing tariffs and creating international free trade wars would become impossible, because free trade prevents a nation from becoming self-sufficientwhich is a requirement for long wars. However, free trade does not prevent a nation from establishing some sort of emergency plan to become temporarily self-sufficient in case of war or that a nation could simply acquire what it needs from a different nation.
A good example of this is Stand To Fall - Veil - Words Against Nothing War Iduring which both Britain and Germany became partially self-sufficient. This is particularly important because Germany Como Es Grande Mi Amor Por Ti - Miltiño* - En Un Rincón Del Alma no plan for creating a war economy.
More generally, free trade—while not making wars impossible—can make wars, and restrictions on trade caused by wars, very costly for international companies with production, research, and sales in many different nations.
Thus, a powerful lobby—unless there are only national companies—will argue against wars. Mutual assured destruction is a doctrine of military strategy in which a full-scale use of nuclear weapons by two opposing sides would effectively result in the destruction of both belligerents. After World War II, the United Nations was established by the United Nations Charter to "save successive generations from the scourge of war which World Peace - Various - The Long Road in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind" Preamble.
The Preamble to the United Nations Charter also aims to further the adoption of fundamental human rights, to respect obligations to sources of international law as well as to unite the strength of independent countries in order to maintain international peace and security.
All treaties on international human rights law World Peace - Various - The Long Road reference to or consider "the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and "peace in the world".
Gordon B. Hinckley saw a trend in national politics by which city-states and nation-states have unified and suggests that the international arena will eventually follow suit. Many countries such as China, Italy, the United States, Australia, Germany, India and Britain have unified into single nation-states with others like the European Union following suit, suggesting that further globalization will bring about a world state. World peace has been depicted as a consequence of local, self-determined behaviors that inhibit the institutionalization of power and ensuing violence.
The solution is not so much based on an agreed agenda, or an investment in higher authority whether divine or political, but rather a self-organized network of mutually supportive mechanisms, resulting in a viable World Peace - Various - The Long Road social fabric.
The principal technique for inducing convergence World Peace - Various - The Long Road thought experimentnamely backcastingenabling anyone to participate no matter what cultural background, religious doctrine, political affiliation or age demographic.
Similar collaborative mechanisms are emerging from the Internet around open-source projects, including Wikipediaand the evolution of other social media. Economic norms theory links economic conditions with institutions of governance and conflict, distinguishing personal clientelist economies from impersonal market-oriented ones, identifying the latter with permanent peace within and between nations.
Through most of human history, societies have been based on personal relations: individuals in groups know each other and exchange favors. Today in most lower-income societies hierarchies of groups distribute wealth based on personal relationships among group leaders, a process often linked with clientelism and corruption. Michael Mousseau argues that in this kind of socio-economy conflict is always present, latent or overt, because individuals depend on their groups for physical and economic security and are thus loyal to their groups rather than their states, and because groups are in a constant state of conflict over access to state coffers.
Through processes of bounded rationalitypeople are conditioned towards strong in-group identities and are easily swayed to fear outsiders, psychological predispositions that make possible sectarian violence, genocide, and terrorism. Market-oriented socio-economies are integrated not with personal ties but the impersonal force of the market where most individuals are economically dependent on trusting strangers in contracts enforced by the state.
This creates loyalty to a state that enforces the rule of law and contracts impartially and reliably and provides equal protection in the freedom to contract — that is, liberal democracy. Wars cannot happen within or between nations with market-integrated economies because war requires the harming of others, and in these kinds of economies everyone is always economically better off when others in the market are also better off, not worse off.
Rather than fight, citizens in market-oriented socio-economies care deeply about everyone's rights and welfare, so they demand economic growth at home and economic cooperation and human rights abroad. In fact, nations with market-oriented socio-economies tend to agree on global issues  and not a single fatality has occurred in any dispute between them.
Economic norms theory should not be confused with classical liberal theory. The latter assumes that markets are natural and that freer markets promote wealth. One proposed mechanism for world peace involves consumer purchasing of renewable and equitable local food and power sources involving artificial photosynthesis ushering in a period of social and ecological harmony known as the Sustainocene.
It is dedicated to peace, and specifically the absence of war and violence, and can be celebrated by a temporary ceasefire in a combat zone. Two decades later, inthe General Assembly unanimously voted to designate the day as Birdy - Beautiful Lies day of preventing violence and a cease-fire. The celebration of this day is recognized by many nations and people. Infor the first time, the day has been dedicated to peace educationi.
The lesser peace is essentially a collective security agreement between the nations of the world. In this arrangement, nations agree to protect one another by rising up against an aggressor nation, should it seek the usurpation of territory or the destruction of its neighbors.
The lesser peace is limited in scope and is concerned with the establishment of basic order and the universal recognition of national borders and the sovereignty of nations. The most great peace is the eventual end goal of the lesser peace and is envisioned as a time of spiritual and social unity — a time when the peoples of the world genuinely identify with and care for one another, rather than simply tolerating one other's existence.
The larger world peace process and its foundational elements are addressed in the document The Promise of World Peacewritten by the Universal House of Justice.
Many Buddhists believe that world peace can only be achieved if we first establish peace within our minds. The idea is that anger and other negative states of mind are the cause of wars and fighting.
Buddhists believe people can live in peace and harmony only if we abandon negative emotions such as anger in our minds and cultivate positive emotions such as love and compassion. As with all Dharmic religions Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhismahimsa avoidance of violence is a central concept.
Peace pagodas are monuments that are built to symbolize and inspire world peace and have been central to the peace movement throughout the years.
These are typically of Buddhist origin, being built by the Japanese Buddhist organisation Nipponzan Myohoji. The basic Christian ideal specifies that peace can only come by the Word and love of God, which is perfectly demonstrated in the life of Christ:.
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. As christologically interpreted from Isaiah 2whereupon the "Word of the Lord" is established on the earth, the material human-political result will be 'nation not taking up sword against nation; nor will they train for war anymore'.
Christian world peace necessitates the living of a proactive life replete with World Peace - Various - The Long Road good works in direct light of the Word of God. The details of such a life can be observed in the Gospels, especially the historically renowned Sermon on the World Peace - Various - The Long Road where forgiving those who do wrong things against oneself is advocated among other pious precepts.
Do Window Of The World - Headcount - Its A Business Doing Pleasure With You suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.
For I have come to turn a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law—a man's enemies will be the members of his own household. Many Christians believe that world peace is expected to be manifest upon the "new earth" that is promised in Christian scripture such as Revelation This period of temporary peace is called the triumph of the Immaculate Heart.
Traditionally, Hinduism has adopted World Peace - Various - The Long Road ancient Sanskrit phrase Vasudhaiva kutumbakam which translates as "The world is one family". The essence of this concept World Peace - Various - The Long Road the observation that only base minds see dichotomies and divisions. The more we seek wisdom, the more we become inclusive and free our internal spirit from worldly illusions or Maya.
World peace is hence only achieved through internal means—by liberating ourselves from artificial boundaries that separate us all. According to Islamic eschatologythe whole world will be united under the leadership of prophet Isa in his second coming. Tikkun olam is accomplished through various means, such as ritualistically performing God's commandments, charity and social justice, as well as through example persuading the rest of the world to behave morally.
According to some views, Tikkun olam would result in the beginning of the Messianic Age. It has been said that in every generation, a person is born with the potential to be the spiritual Messiah.
If the time is right for the Messianic Age within that person's - Pas De Deux - Residentie Orkest Plays Tchaikovsky* - Symphony Nr. 5 - From The Nutcracker - Romeo, then that person will be the mashiach. But if that person dies before he completes the mission of the Messiah, then that person is not the Messiah Mashiach.
Specifically, in Jewish messianism it is considered that at some future time a Messiah literally "a King appointed by God" will rise up to bring all Jews back to the Land of Israelfollowed by everlasting global peace and prosperity.
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