Although it was founded in the Anglo-Saxon period, its architecture is mainly Normanfollowing a rebuilding in the 12th century. With Durham and Ely cathedrals, it is one of the most important 12th-century buildings in England to have remained largely intact, despite extensions and restoration. The original church, known as " Medeshamstede ", was founded in the reign of the Anglo-Saxon King Peada of the Middle Angles in about AD, as one of the first centres of Christianity in central England.
In an alcove of the New Building, an extension of the eastern end, lies an ancient stone carving: the Hedda Stone. This medieval carving of 12 monks, six on each side, commemorates the destruction of the Monastery and the death of the Abbot and Monks when the area was sacked by the Vikings in The Hedda Stone was likely carved sometime after the Gothic Towers (a) - Richard Myhill - The Time Machine 1when the monastery slipped into decline.
In the midth century monastic revival in which churches at Ely and Ramsey were also refounded a Benedictine Abbey was created and endowed inprincipally by AthelwoldBishop of Winchesterfrom what remained of the earlier church, with "a basilica [church] there furbished with suitable structures of halls, and enriched with surrounding lands" and more extensive buildings which saw the aisle built out to the west with a second tower added.
The original central tower was, however, retained. The community was further revived in by DunstanArchbishop of Canterbury. This newer church had as its major focal point a substantial western tower with a " Rhenish helm " and was largely constructed of ashlars. InAnglo-Saxon grave markers were reported to have been found by workmen repairing a wall in the cathedral precincts. The grave markers are said to date to the 11th century, and probably belonged to "townsfolk".
Although damaged during the struggle between the Norman invaders and local folk-hero, Hereward the Wakeit was repaired and continued to thrive until destroyed by an accidental fire in The ceiling, completed between andstill survives.
It is unique in Britain and one of only four such ceilings in the whole of Europe. Gothic Towers (a) - Richard Myhill - The Time Machine 1 painted nave ceiling of Ely Cathedralby contrast, is entirely a Victorian creation. The church was largely built of Barnack limestone from quarries on its own land, and it was paid annually for access to these quarries by the builders of Ely Cathedral and Ramsey Abbey in thousands of eels e.
Then, after completing the Western transept and adding the Great West Front Portico inthe medieval masons switched over to the new Gothic style. Apart from changes to the windows, the insertion of a porch to support the free-standing pillars of the portico and the addition of a "new" building at the east end around the beginning of the 16th century, the structure of the building remains essentially as it was on completion almost years ago. The completed building was consecrated in by Robert GrossetesteBishop of Lincolnwithin whose diocese it then fell.
The trio of arches forming the Great West Front, the defining image of Peterborough Cathedral, is unrivalled in medieval architecture. The line of spires behind it, topping an unprecedented four towers, evolved for more practical reasons. Chief amongst them was the wish to retain the earlier Norman towers, which became obsolete when the Gothic front was added.
Instead of being demolished and replaced with new stretches of wall, these old towers were retained and embellished with cornices and other gothic decor, while two new towers were added to create a continuous frontage.
The Norman tower was rebuilt in the Decorated Gothic style in about — its main beams and roof bosses survive with two tiers of Romanesque windows combined into a single set of Gothic windows, with the turreted cap and pinnacles removed and replaced by battlements. Between andthe Presbytery roof was replaced and the "New Building", a rectangular building built around the end of the Norman eastern apse, with Perpendicular fan vaulting probably designed by John Wastell, the architect of King's College Chapel, Cambridge and the Bell Harry Tower at Canterbury Cathedralwas added.
The existing midth-century records of Hugh Candidusa monklist the Abbey's reliquaries as including two pieces of swaddling clothes which wrapped the baby Jesuspieces of Jesus' manger, a part of the five loaves which fed the 5, a piece of the raiment of Mary the mother of Jesusa piece of Aaron 's rod, and relics of St PeterSt Paul and St Andrew — to whom the church is dedicated.
The supposed arm of Oswald of Northumbria disappeared from its chapel, probably during the Reformationdespite a watch-tower having been built for monks to guard its reliquary.
Various contact relics of Thomas Becket were brought from Canterbury in a special reliquary by its Prior Benedict who had witnessed Becket's assassination when he was "promoted" to Abbot of Peterborough. These items underpinned the importance of what is today Peterborough Cathedral. At the zenith of its wealth just before the Reformation it had the sixth-largest monastic income in England, and had monks, an almoneran infirmarian, a sacristan and a cellarer.
The church survived by being selected as the cathedral of the Anglican Diocese of Peterborough. Henry's former wife, Catherine of Aragonhad been buried there Gothic Towers (a) - Richard Myhill - The Time Machine 1 Her grave can still be seen and is still honoured by visitors who decorate it with flowers and pomegranates her symbol. It carries the legend "Katharine Queen of England", a title she was denied at the time of her death.
Inthe body of Mary, Queen of Scots was initially buried here after her execution at nearby Fotheringhay Castlebut it was later removed to Westminster Abbey on the orders of her son, King James I of England. The cathedral was vandalised during the English Civil War in by Parliamentarian troops. As was common at the time, almost all the stained glass and the medieval choir stalls were destroyed, and the high altar and reredos were demolished, as were the cloisters and Lady Chapel. All the monuments and memorials of the Cathedral were also damaged or destroyed.
Some of the damage was repaired during the 17th and 18th centuries. Extensive restoration work began inwhich was initiated after large cracks appeared in the supporting pillars and Mijmering Bij Het Kampvuur - De Gibama Hawaiis*, De Texas Rangers, Willy Mulder En Matrozenkoor, Jo of the main tower.
These works included rebuilding of the central tower and its foundations, Gothic Towers (a) - Richard Myhill - The Time Machine 1 pillars, the choir and re-enforcements of the west front under the supervision of John Loughborough Pearson.
New hand-carved choir stalls, cathedra bishop's thronechoir pulpit and the marble pavement and high altar were added. A stepped level of battlements was removed from the central tower, reducing its height slightly.
The cathedral was hit by a fire on the early evening of 22 November ; it is thought to have been started deliberately amongst plastic chairs stored in the North Choir Aisle. The seat of the fire was close to the organ and the combination of direct damage from the fire, and the water used to extinguish necessitated a full-scale rebuild of the instrument, putting it out of action for several years.
An extensive programme of repairs to the west front began in July and has cost in excess of half a million pounds. This work is concentrated around the statues located in niches which have been so badly affected by years of pollution and weathering that, in some cases, they have only stayed intact thanks to iron bars inserted through them from the head to the body.
The programme of work has sought donors to "adopt a stone". The sculptor Alan Durst was responsible for some of the work on the statues on the West Front. The Peterborough Cathedral most probably had a set of over thirty misericords Gothic Towers (a) - Richard Myhill - The Time Machine 1 from the fourteenth century. However, only three now survive. As of 2 February . A number of saints were interred in the altar at Peterborough  WilfridTatberhtSicgrid nicknamed Pius PaterBotwine reverndus sacerdos Albert praeclarus ministerWulfgar and Wildegel modestus.
The hanging crucifix or rood designed by George Pace Fear Falls Burning vs Byla - Fear Falls Burning - Once We All Walk Through Solid Objects - Expandedthe figure of Christ is by Frank Roper.
The cathedral as Ladrang Turun Sih - Various - Gamelan Of Central Java - IV. Spiritual Music on the frieze around the Royal Albert Hall. French enamelled casket made c. As Prior of Canterbury Cathedral he had witnessed Becket's assassination in The casket is now in the Victoria and Albert MuseumLondon.
Init was on temporary display in Peterborough Museum to celebrate the th anniversary of the completion of the Cathedral in Details of the organ from the National Pipe Organ Register. The records of organists at Peterborough Cathedral list Richard Storey as organist in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Church in Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom.
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The Hedda Stone. An 8th-century Anglo-Saxon carving from the original Nera La Luna - Demoniac Insomniac - Spiritual Science. See also: List of musicians at English cathedrals.
Archived from the original on 30 January Retrieved 5 March D 5 October . History of the Cathedral Church of St Peter". In Bell, E ed. Bell's Cathedrals Project Gutenberg transcription of the reprint of the 2nd ed. London: G.
Bell and Sons. Archived from the original on 29 September Retrieved 23 April University of California Press. Retrieved 25 April He restored Peterborough Abbey to its former royal splendor and dedicated "a basilica there furbished Backroad - Throwing Muses - Red Heaven suitable structures of halls, and enriched with surrounding lands. Retrieved on 15 May Eastern Cathedrals.
Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 11 May The longest of these is less than half the length of Peterborough's ceiling. Ramsey Abbey website. Clive Beeke. Archived from the original on 10 March Retrieved 23 January Edward [the Confessor] also became a party to an agreement between the Abbot of Ramsey and Abbot of Burgh Peterborough in regard to the exchange of lands; to bounds and limits of King's-delf; also the right to Ramsey Abbey to dig stone both 'squared and broken' at the quarries of Barnack.
Thames and Hudson. Peterborough Evening Telegraph. Johnston Press Digital Publishing. Archived from the original Newspaper on 30 September Archived from the original on 30 September Archived from the original on 28 September
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