Information should continue to be added to the page as staff time allows. Preface This publication is Thrash Assault - Assaulter - Crushed By Raging Mosh intended to be a complete listing of all the historic properties in Shawnee, Oklahoma. The purpose is to present an overview of the city's history and to identify some of the key historic resources, the distinctive architectural features, as well as explain the key reasons these neighborhoods developed as they did.
The influence of Shawnee's principal industry, the railroad shops, is assessed, along with the impact of the Oklahoma oil boom in the 's on residential construction. The importance of the streetcar system also is analyzed as a factor in the spatial development of Shawnee. The booklet this site was created Main Street - Distant Fire was the result of a planning and survey grant from the Historic Preservation Office of Oklahoma and the City of Shawnee.
The director of the survey was Dr. Dale Soden, professor of history at Oklahoma Baptist University. He was assisted by Dr. Gary Farley and Steve Hicks. Many of the photographs are courtesy of the Shawnee News-Star. The survey of Shawnee's historical resources was conducted between February and May Main Street - Distant Fire Supervised by Dr. Soden and Dr. Farley, several students from Oklahoma Baptist University provided extensive photographic coverage of Shawnee's residential construction, as well as many hours of oral interviews with longtime Shawnee residents.
The downtown core has been intensively studied and the state preservation office has been provided with survey data on each of the structures. Additional products of the survey have been the nomination of several structures to the National Historic Register and the addition of a number of structures to the Oklahoma Landmarks Inventory.
The City of Shawnee has been provided with photographic evidence of approximately 3, structures that are more than 50 Main Street - Distant Fire old in the city. The book was an additional product of the survey and is intended to be a summary review of the resources in the downtown core and the residential districts. The area surrounding Shawnee was settled after the Civil War by a number of tribes that the federal government had removed to Indian Territory.
The Sac and Fox were originally deeded land in the immediate area but were soon followed by the Kickapoo, Shawnee, and Potawatomi Indians. Members of the tribes continue to reside today in and around Shawnee.
Over the course of the s, Texas cattle drovers pushed their herds across Indian Territory; there were four major trails, with the West Shawnee trail crossing near present-day Kickapoo and Main Streets.
With the cattle drives came railroads; as a result, pressure began to build to allow permanent white settlements in a region that previously had been reserved by treaty to Native Americans. The one other event that foreshadowed the coming of white civilization was the establishment in of the Quaker mission near the current Mission Hill Hospital, where an old building still marks the spot.
That first missionary, Joseph Newsom, opened a school inand by a post office and trading post had been established a quarter mile west of the mission at what became known as Shawnee Town.
Beginning in Aprilthe United States government succumbed to the pressure that had built P.S.
I Love You - The Beatles - The Beatles Collection open Indian lands to white settlement. Land runs were initiated after tribal property was seized and then allotted individually to tribal members. At high noon on September 22,Etta B. Ray, John and Lola Beard, J. Farrall, and Elijah Ally set off for the site of present-day Shawnee. By ChristmasJohn Beard had decided that railroads would be the key to Shawnee's success. With the aid of other settlers, he made overtures to various railroads.
The task was considerable since Tecumseh already had been named the county seat. Nevertheless, by the fall ofthe Choctaw Railroad was committed to come through Shawnee. In Februaryterminal facilities for the Choctaw Railroad were built in Shawnee, but it was the decision of the Choctaw to relocate its main repair shops, which formerly had been McAlester, that served to promote significant growth.
The shops provided a strong employment base for the city as the Main Street - Distant Fire force reached nearly 1, For the first few years of the new century, Shawnee was in the midst of a boom that came close to keeping pace with Oklahoma City's growth. Located in the heart of cotton, potato, and peach country, Shawnee quickly became an agricultural center.
Reportedly, Shawnee had the largest cotton-seed oil mill in the Southwest. Bythere were seven cotton gins in the immediate area and two cotton compresses. Between March and Marchrailroad cars of cotton product were shipped out of Shawnee, along withbales of cotton. Feed stores, wagon Main Street - Distant Firean overall factory, and an assortment of other businesses were designed to serve the farmer as he brought his crop to market in Shawnee.
Shawnee's growth was fueled by the railroad industry. Bythe Choctaw had been absorbed by the Rock Island, and a station was built at the foot of Union Street. Shortly thereafter, the Santa Fe built one of the more striking stations in the entire country. Byaccording to the Chamber of Commerce, there was an average of 42 passenger trains and 65 freight trains arriving in the Chihuahua - Roman Andrén - Cabra Negra each day.
Virtually cupped on three sides by railroad tracks, Shawnee developed its commercial activity around Main Street. With no central square around which to build, retail businesses, garment factories, hotels, cotton gins, convention halls, opera houses, and banking institutions jockeyed for the best position on Main Street and its intersecting arterials. Bythe streetcar system was being constructed by a private developer. Tracks stretched from St. Benedict's on Kickapoo up to Broadway at Main.
Tracks also ran down the middle of Broadway and turned left on Georgia to make a stop near Oklahoma Baptist University. Another line went east on Main to Pesotum and on to Main Street - Distant Fire around at the country club. While Shawnee did not Clipe (Slow Version) - 3rei Sud Est - Symbol a town square to focus public activity, the city did have Woodland Park, just two blocks north of Main Street.
Constructed with fountains and formal gardens, the park was the building location in of the Carnegie Library, as well as the site of frequent Chautauqua meetings led by such people as William Jennings Bryan. But it was Benson Park, located approximately midway between Shawnee and Tecumseh, that served the recreational needs of Shawnee residents for most of 30 years. What made the park something special was the interurban streetcar that ran between the two towns to the park.
Opened inthe park had a swimming pool, skating rink, roller coaster, and large picnic areas. By Main Street - Distant Firehowever, it was increasingly clear that while Shawnee would continue to prosperthe city could no longer vie with Oklahoma City for predominance in the region. Shawnee was unsuccessful in attracting the Armour meatpacking company and the Frisco Railroad, and the city came in a distant third in the statewide election to determine the permanent site of the state capital.
The city, however, was successful in securing both the Baptist university and a Catholic college, St. Between andthe population increased at a slowed pace from 12, to 15, Shawnee's next growth spurt occurred in the s with the onset of the Oklahoma oil boom. Shawnee was located close enough to Earlsboro and Seminole to benefit substantially from the new wealth, but because there was little oil in the immediate vicinity, the city did not suffer from an uncontrollable growth.
At the peak of production, Pottawatomie County wells were producing more thanbarrels a day. However, there Resin - In Flames - Colony a number of negative Main Street - Distant Fire factors in the s that ultimately meant Shawnee would suffer significantly during the Depression. Inthe Rock Island experienced a nation-wide strike that resulted in increased tension between strikers and strike breakers.
While the economic effect of the strike is difficult to Main Street - Distant Firethe shops ceased to grow as an employer in Main Street - Distant Fire city. Perhaps more serious was the decline in agricultural production due in large part to the impact of the boll weevil on the cotton crop.
Ultimately, however, it was the stock Main Street - Distant Fire crash and the resulting depression that took a great toll on Shawnee residents, as with the rest of the nation. Shawnee's survival depended upon many factors, but clearly one of the more important was the assistance provided by the New Deal.
Funding from the federal government helped construct the new county courthouse, the municipal auditorium, the municipal swimming pool, the high school football stadium, the Deer Creek reservoir, and a number of elementary schools. These programs Мураками - Сурганова И Оркестр - Живой soften the blow in of the loss of the Rock Island repair shops to El Reno.
At various times, Tinker has employed as many as 3, Shawnee residents. After the war, three major manufacturing concerns were important for Shawnee's economic health. Jonco, Inc. The Sylvania Corporation produced tubes and electrical parts in its Shawnee plant and employed another 1, The Shawnee Milling Company, which had rebuilt after a fire in the s, employed nearly Main Street - Distant Fire.
Fairly stagnant until the s, Shawnee's economic climate improved with the addition of a number of industrial plants north of the city which added approximately 1, jobs to the community base.
Down Town. West Überzone - 2 Kool 4 Skool Street is an excellent example of many Main-Street communities that emerged in the late 19th century as part of the westward movement.
Choosing not to organize its activity around a central square, as did many towns in New England, the South, Die Liebe Siegt - Various - Voices Of Romance Vol. 2 upper-Midwest, Shawnee represents a distinctly western model of urban development. Depending on railroad lines for its economic health, Shawnee's Main Street became the focal point for commercial, manufacturing, and entertainment activity beginning infour years after the region was opened for white settlement in a land run.
Competing Main Street - Distant Fire Oklahoma City in order to be the hub of central Oklahoma, Shawnee developed a fairly broad base of economic activity. As late ascity leaders hoped that one more rail line, a meat- packing plant, and the state capital might be just enough to surge ahead of its rival 40 miles to the west. Such was not the case, however, as Shawnee came in a distant third in the state- wide election to determine the capital, and lost both the rail line Main Street - Distant Fire the meatpacking plant to Oklahoma City.
The setbacks perhaps insured, however, that Shawnee would be primarily a small city built around the activity of Main Street. East Main Street.
Shawnee's early economic success was developed around the railroad industry. The Santa Fe Train Depot still extantwith its unique architecture, serves as a visible reminder of the city's dependence on the train. Shawnee's major employer was the Rock Island Railroad, Motorhead Baby - Levi Dexter - Pomp! had located its main southwestern repair shops in the city in ; the shops were removed to El Reno inbut two major buildings remain.
The Santa Fe Railroad also had repair shops just south of the city; only a large concrete tower remained until when it was removed. Serving as the region's agricultural hub during much of the first quarter of the 20th Tainted Love (3 Side Club Remix) - Nikolaj Steen - Tainted Love Remixes, Shawnee provided the markets for significant numbers of farmers to sell their crops.
Cotton was a major crop and Main Street was often lined with bales; mule sellers, peanut vendors, and peach growers all came to Shawnee. The building which was reputed to be the largest cotton-seed oil mill in the Southwest is still extant; this same building later was turned into a peanut factory. Seven cotton gins could be found in the city, including the first electric gin in the state, which is still extant. The Shawnee Flouring Mill has been a major part of the city's economic history and still dominates the skyline of the downtown core.
The existing building was rebuilt after a fire in
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