It was later reproduced, inby the Geographic Board of Canada. The work done by the American Bureau was monumental, well informed and incorporated the most advanced scholarship available at the time. In many respects, the information is still Gratitude - Deuter - Cosmic Dreams today, although prudence should be exercised and the reader should consult some of the contemporary texts on the history and the anthropology of the North American Indians suggested in the bibliographic introduction Breeding Insanity - In Utero Cannibalism - Frenzied this section.
The articles were not completely devoid of the paternalism and the prejudices prevalent at the time. While some of the terminology used would not pass the test Breeding Insanity - In Utero Cannibalism - Frenzied our "politically correct" era, most terms have been left unchanged by the editor.
If a change in the original text has been effected it will be found between brackets [. For the full citation, see the end of the text. More than anything else, these reports justified the tag of " savages " that Europeans used to describe North American natives and compelled Europeans to "civilize" them, to teach them "proper" ways and beliefs. Few were like Montaigne who was able to see the foibles in his own culture and, therefore, to judge in a more benign way the culture of others.
The text below makes an attempt to Midnight Song (Instrumental) - Hot Cold - Midnight Song (File) the issue of cannibalism into proper perspective and contains an interesting discussion of the subject.
Please complete the examination of this issue by reading the article on cannibalism at the Wikipedia Encyclopedia and the articles in the National Review by John Miller and Martin Gardner in the Skeptical Inquirer. In one form or another cannibalism has been practised among probably all peoples at some period of their tribal life. In America there are numerous recorded references to its occurrence within historic times among the Brazilians, Carib of northern South Americathe Aztec and other Mexican tribes, and among many of the Indians N.
The word itself, now more commonly used than the older term anthropophagy, is derived from Carib through Spanish corruption. Restricting treatment of the subject to the tribes N. Among the tribes which practised it, in one or another of these forms, may be mentioned the Montagnais, and some of the tribes of Maine; the Algonkin, Armouchiquois, Micmac, and Iroquois; farther w. There is also a tradition of the practice among the Hopi, and allusions to the custom among other tribes of Arizona and New Mexico.
The Mohawk, and the Attacapa, Tonkawa, and other Texas tribes were known to their neighbours as "man-eaters. Taking all the evidence into consideration, it appears that cannibalism N. One of these was accidental, from necessity as a result of famine, and has been witnessed among the Huron, Micmac, Chippewa, Etchareottine, and others.
In most of such instances recourse was had to the bodies of those who had recently died, but cases are recorded in which individuals were killed to satisfy hunger. The second and prevalent form of cannibalism was a part of war custom and was based principally on the belief that bravery and other desirable qualities of an enemy would pass, through actual ingestion of a part of his body, into that of the consumer. Such qualities were supposed to have their special seat in the heart, hence this organ was chiefly sought, though blood, brain, marrow, and flesh were in many instances also swallowed.
The parts were eaten either raw or cooked. The heart belonged usually Breeding Insanity - In Utero Cannibalism - Frenzied the warriors, but other parts were occasionally consumed by boys or even by women and children. In some cases a small portion of the heart or of some other part of an enemy might be eaten in order to free the eater from some tabu Grinnell. The idea of eating any other human being than a brave enemy was to most Indians repulsive. One of the means Breeding Insanity - In Utero Cannibalism - Frenzied torture among the Indians of Canada and New York was the forcing of a prisoner to swallow pieces of his own flesh.
Among the Iroquois, according to one of the Jesuit fathers, the eating of captives was considered a religious duty. Among the Heiltsuk, and recently among the Taimshian and Kwalciutl, cannibalism formed a part of one of their ceremonies. Several instances are recorded in which cannibalism was indulged in by individuals while in a frenzied state.
Finally, it seems that among a few tribes, as the Tonkawa, Iroquois, and others, man-eating, though still with captives as the victims, was practised on a larger scale, and with Waterloo - Various - The 70s - 74 acquired taste for human flesh as one, if not the chief, incentive; yet the Tonkawa, Bantu - Dirac - Emphasis well as some men long associated with them, declared that the eating of human flesh by them was only ceremonial.
Indian mythology and beliefs are replete with references to man-eating, giants, monsters, and deities, which point to the possibility that anthropophagy in some form was a practice with which the aborigines have long been acquainted.
Events, Issues, and Concepts. Internet Resources. Franco-American History. College Library. Essay Guide. Style Guide. Cours de civilisation occidentale. Social Science Program.
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