Beatmatching or pitch cue is a disc jockey technique of pitch shifting or timestretching an upcoming track to match its tempo to that of the currently playing track, and to adjust them such that the beats and, usually, the bars are synchronised — e. Beatmatching is a component of beatmixing which employs beatmatching combined with equalization, attention to phrasing and track selection in an attempt to make a single mix that flows together and has a good structure. The technique was developed to keep the people from leaving the dancefloor at the end of the song.
These days it is considered basic among disc jockeys DJs in electronic dance music genres, and it is standard practice in clubs to keep the constant beat through the night, even if DJs change in the middle.
Beatmatching is no longer considered a novelty, and new digital software has made the technique much easier to master. One of the key things to consider when beatmatching is the tempo of both songs, and the musical theory behind the songs. Attempting to beatmatch songs with completely different beats per minute BPM will result in one of the songs sounding too fast or too slow.
When beatmatching, a popular technique is to This Beat Is Technotronic (Alaska Mix) - Megabass / The Mastermixers - The Intense Mixes / The Extre the equalization of both tracks. For example, when the kicks are occurring on the same beat, a more seamless transition Liekki - Yö - Antaa Soittaa occur if the lower frequencies are taken out of one of the songs, and the lower frequencies of the other song is boosted.
Doing so creates a smoother transition. However, some modern DJ software can change pitch and tempo independently using time-stretching and pitch-shiftingallowing harmonic mixing. There is also a feature in modern DJ software which may be called "master tempo" or "key adjust" which changes the tempo while keeping the original pitch. Beatmatching was invented by Francis Grasso in the late s and early s. That and turntables with pitch control enabled him to mix tracks with different tempo by changing the pitch of the cued redirected to headphones track to match its tempo with the track being played by ear.
Essentially, the technique he originated hasn't changed since. These days [ when? Inthe Technics SLMK2 turntable was released, whose comfortable and precise sliding pitch control and high torque direct drive motor made beat-matching easier and it became the standard among DJs. With the advent of the compact disc, DJ-oriented Compact Disc players with pitch control and other features enabling beat-matching and sometimes scratchingdubbed CDJswere introduced by various companies.
More recently, software with similar capabilities has been developed to allow manipulation of digital audio files stored on computers using turntables with special vinyl records e.
Other software including algorithmic beat-matching is Ableton Livewhich allows for realtime music manipulation and deconstruction, or Mixmeistera DJ Mixset creation tool. Freeware software I Believe - Magnolia Rose Band - The Road as Rapid Evolution can detect the beats per minute and determine the percent BPM difference between songs. The change from pure hardware to software is on the rise, and big DJs are introducing new equipment to their kits such as the laptopand dropping the difficulty of carrying hundreds of CDs with them.
Limitations with mp3-player DJing equipment has meant that only second generation equipment such as the IDJ2 or the Cortex Dmix have the pitch control that alters tempo and allows for beat-matching on a digital music player. This allows the DJ to make use of the beat-matching capabilities of the CDJ unit whilst playing digital music files from the mp3-player or other storage device.
Most modern DJ hardware and software now This Beat Is Technotronic (Alaska Mix) - Megabass / The Mastermixers - The Intense Mixes / The Extre a "Sync" feature which automatically adjusts the tempo between tracks being mixed so the DJ no longer needs to spend time and effort matching beats. This has caused some controversy in the DJ industry since almost anyone can beat-match thanks to the new function.
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